Domitian was notorious for being the first Roman emperor who declared himself a god while still alive. Photo: © Mark R. Fairchild, Huntington University. The city refused help of the Roman empire and rebuilt the city itself. I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot; I would that you be either cold or hot. In writing to the Colossians, Paul the Apostle sends greetings to them through a Laodicean named Nymphas and the church at their house (Col 4:15). [8] The archaeology shows Laodicea had an aqueduct that probably carried water from hot mineral springs some five miles south, which would have become tepid before entering the city (see main Laodicea article). Eerdmans; Paternoster Press, 1999), 303. Mark R. Fairchild of Huntington University explores the Laodicean church’s lukewarm reputation, while examining the recent archaeological excavations at Laodicea, Turkey, in his article “Laodicea’s ‘Lukewarm’ Legacy: Conflicts of Prosperity in an Ancient Christian City,” published in the March/April 2017 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. 3. However, a more recent interpretation has suggested that this metaphor has been drawn from the water supply of the city, which was lukewarm, in contrast to the hot springs at nearby Hierapolis and the cold, pure waters of Colossae. In 60 A.D the city was hit by a major earthquake. Paul said in 66 AD (Date of 2 Tim 1:15) that ‘All in Asia have abandoned me.” Obviously the apostasy was taking place before the destruction of Jerusalem, 70 AD. M. J. S. Rudwick, Hemer C. J., “Laodicea,” ed. Robert H. Mounce, The Book of Revelation, The New International Commentary on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. It’s … Many of the Laodicean Christians compromised their faith in such ways that the writer of the apocalypse could say, “I will spit you out of my mouth” (Revelation 3:16). Regarding this condition, MacArthur has given us an accurate picture. The Church in Laodicea may have been founded through the ministry of Epaphras of Colosse, but it isn't known if this is fact. We know that Epaphras founded the church at Colossae (Colossians 1:6–7), one of Laodicea’s close neighbors. The pressure upon rich Christians to maintain their wealth was intense. Answer: The seventh and final letter to the churches of ancient Asia Minor is to the church in the city of Laodicea. He seeks to join us and to share the richness of His fellowship and the depth of His love, blessing our lives in ways no earthly possessions could ever equal. It was neither the Book of the Revelation given to John, nor John himself, who said that the church in Laodicaea was “lukewarm” – it was the risen Yeshua HaMashiach! Laodicea, the Lukewarm Church Revelation 3:14–22. The city of Laodicea, currently located in modern Turkey, was situated in the Lycus valley, about 45 miles southeast of Philadelphia and about 100 miles east of Ephesus. This affronted Christians, Jews and the Roman Senate alike. 13:15 does not claim that. Church at Laodicea represents the last period of church history. Laodicea is a word which has come to stand for lukewarmness, indifference and compromise. A Question for Mark Fairchild or members of the group. The church in Laodicea was no exception. The traditional view has been that the Laodiceans were being criticized for their neutrality or lack of zeal (hence "lukewarm"). They are seeking worldly riches in the name of blessings showing-off how blessed they are but in reality they are poor, miserable and naked. Lesson's From The Church At Laodicea. The Church of Laodikeia was built in 313 AD during the reign of Constantine the Great. Laodicea lay on the south bank of the River Lycus, approximately 100 feet above the valley floor on a flat plateau. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. The summary states these things as fact, as though there is no question over them, which is just plain poor scholarship which creates a mistaken impression on the readers. The dates may be muddied, but roughly they could be from 1930 until the Rapture. There was a Council in Laodicea, A.D. c.363-64, although the date is disputed. I thought BAR was scholarly? The Church of Laodicea is one of the Seven Churches of Revelation. It is the modern city by the name of Pamukkale. The lukewarm spiritual condition of the Laodicean church was more dangerous than if the church had been cold. It corresponds to the seventh of seven Kingdom of Heaven parables told by our Lord Jesus in Matthew Chapter 13 which is the Parable of the Dragnet. James Strahan, “Laodicea,” ed. Join the BAS Library today. Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! To the Church in Laodicea - “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation. thus the referral to “white raiment” in v. 18. The Church of Laodicea. The cost of this trip is set aside to provide for basic medical supplies that might be needed. The church was established in the Apostolic Age, the earliest period of Christianity, and is probably best known for being one of the Seven churches of Asia addressed by name in the Book of Revelation (Rev. James Hastings, Dictionary of the Apostolic Church (2 Vols.) There was a Council in Laodicea, A.D. c.363-64, although the date is disputed. Indeed, it would be irresponsible of me if I did. Why does the author of the Book of Revelation call the church of Laodicea “lukewarm”? [9] The imagery of the Laodicean aqueduct suggests not that "hot" is good and "cold" is bad, but that both hot and cold water are useful, whereas lukewarm water is emetic.[7]. Outwardly, the church in Laodicea appeared strong and prosperous. We want to study what the Laodicean Church was like. The door in the painting has no handle, and can therefore be opened only from the inside. It’s been almost 2,000 years since the apostle John was instructed by Jesus to write letters to the seven churches mentioned in the book of Revelation. COPYRIGHT © 2020 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1916–1918), 684. [citation needed]. 1. 2. Very good information and the interpretation on the mark of the beast is correct. Their water tasted awful! Other emperors were deified only after their death. That the Christian cross extends from the Jewish menorah suggests that the Laodicean church grew out of the synagogue. We would serve our village and the surrounding villages. [citation needed] The city also lies within the boundaries of ancient Phrygia, from where an ingredient of eye-lotions, the so-called "Phrygian powder", was supposed to have originated. [11], Commentators[who?] David Noel Freedman, The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (New York: Doubleday, 1992), p. 231-233. According to Strabo (12.8.20) there was a medical school in the city, where a famous ophthalmologist practiced. Not only was Laodicea located on major trade routes that connected it to important cities like Ephesus, Smyrna and Sardis, but also it was a center of textile production and banking. when it was struck by a devastating earthquake and subsequently abandoned. Available in the BAS Store: Partings—How Judaism and Christianity Became Two. A look at Laodicea’s “lukewarm” legacy from Revelation 3:15–16, “I know your works; you are neither cold nor hot. Laodicea’s water source came from an aqueduct that held warm mineral water. ), yet, today Christianity is flourishing; 2) the world leader exercises control over ALL peoples and ALL ethnic groups, and ALL nations – that seems to be an inclusive statement, yet, it has not happened in world history as of today. The Nag Hammadi Codices and Gnostic Christianity. This harsh pronouncement suggests that the Christians at Laodicea—located in modern Turkey—wavered in their commitments to the Christian faith. Not a BAS Library member yet? The city remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church, Laodicensis in Phrygia. The final fulfillment of the prophecy in Rev 13 must remain future. Second, the author is expressing what Revelation 13:15 claimed: that those who refused to worship the image of the beast were killed. 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