Power differences are found among occupants of various statuses, father and child, employer and employee, politician and the voter, teacher and the student etc. Traditionally it is the hierarchical arrangement of castes according to different degrees of dominance and privileges. Modern sociologists like Maclver and Marshall regarded status as the basic criterion of social class. The caste system has exercised a profound influence on the economic activities of the people of India. In the caste system of India a white-collar job would be that of a warrior, ruler or large land-owner. It is hereditary. The division of society into classes or strata, which form a hierarchy of prestige and power, is an universal feature of social structure. The scheduled caste people were always treated with hate by the high caste and this persisted for centuries. Surplus is anything above and beyond a necessity. If caste is getting weak in one … This endogamy, being the “essence of the caste system”, any man violating this law is put out of his own sub-caste. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the poverty threshold is $14,763 for a family of four. Since the traditionally dominant higher castes have lost their power, they now try to motivate the lower castes to capture power in the power structures, gram panchayats at the grass-root level assemblies at the state level and parliament in the national level, through elections. There are two types of stratified systems in the world today. Max Weber defined class as a group of persons having the same ‘life chances’ or social opportunities. Socio-cultural Oppression to Dalit a) Inter-caste Marriage Inter-caste marriage is prohibited in Hindu culture. Introduction Caste system in India is system of social stratification. Shifts in the distribution of power under the new set up are, by comparison, quick and radical in nature.”. Any family that had one member employed more than half of last year and made less than $14,763 was considered part of the working poor. Caste is a community as it is based on Kinship and primordial affinity, whereas class is an occupational and economic category and hence limited in social interaction. These positions were considered legitimate. Caste System Essay in English. Ownership of land is no longer the decisive factor in acquiring power. Within each of these stratification systems lie three types of job classifications; white-collar, blue-collar, and pink-collar. Diwali Essay in English for Class . The process of differentiation between caste, class and power may be attributed to the introduction of land reforms. 1565 Words | 7 Pages. Caste system has prevailed for ages and arranges the people into social strata or classes. Argumentative Essay On The Glass Castle 757 Words | 4 Pages. Such classes are “closed and if extremely differentiated … Robert Hardgrave Jr. has discussed how the Nadars in Tamil Nadu, due to their solidarity, cohesion and incessant endeavor became one of the most economically and politically successful communities in the south. The whole world is his property and others live on his charity. Image Guidelines 5. Such micro-level changes also articulate at the macro-level due to increasingly pervasive role of the caste associations. The caste system is a segmental division of society. Pink-collar is a new classification of jobs that have historically been reserved for women. Engineering Education in India, Harvard University Press - Meritocracy claims that educational titles are vested on the basis of achievement and not inherited ascription. This long essay about India is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. A Brahmin is entitled to whatever exists in this world. The members of upper class are considered as masters rather than servants. Caste is a community as it is based on Kinship and primordial affinity, whereas class is an occupational and economic category and hence limited in social interaction. In the caste hierarchy the Brahmins are followed by the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas. The ancient ‘Varna’ model of classification of Hindu society was based on an identical functional division of fourfold classification which eventually evolved into the caste system. In America, pink-collar jobs tend to be secretaries, waitresses, nurses, or other types of caretakers. These are suitable for students and children in class … The struggle for power has become all pervasive mainly due to accessibility to power by common men than was ever the case in the past. Those who are born into the highest class can look forward to a very promising future filled with wealth and prestige. In the earlier times, people from different castes strictly went to different wells to fetch water and bought food from different places. Read Essays About The Glass Castle By Jeannette Walls and other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you. “In some societies it is not uncommon for individuals to move up or down the social ladder. Absolute Poverty-Its Causes and Cures states that every minute of every day, fifty babies are born into poverty. It need not be considered equivalent with ‘influence’ without regard to the situation of its occurrence. Since caste of an individual is based on birth, change from one caste to another is impossible, but mobility from class to class is quite possible because the class of an individual is based on his occupation, power and wealth. As the caste system is hereditary and based on the social, economic and power position remained the same from generation to generation. The first essay is a long essay on the India of 400-500 words. This situation is called absolute poverty.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'studyboss_com-box-4','ezslot_6',107,'0','0'])); According to Absolute Poverty-Its Causes and Cures, Absolute age 4 poverty is “the situation where the basic necessities for human existence are absent“. In this paper mainly focus on the basic concept of caste and class of society and in Indian context the changing trend of the caste system. Copyright 10. Due to lack of competition among castes for acquisition of various social positions and traditional model of stratification on the basis of summation of statuses, there emerged a congruence of the three major dimensions, such as prestige, power and wealth. The second essay is a short essay on India of 150-200 words. A man who has power in one situation will not necessarily be powerful in all the situations. Therefore, many a scholar used this model in their studies and found considerable congruence of caste, class and power. In the study of Sripuram village, Andre Beteille observed that “power has also become independent of class to a greater extent than in the past. Hence we could evince the combination of social prestige, wealth and power in the same set of individuals. Economically too India is highly stratified.” In the traditional India both class and power were subsumed under caste. According to Karl Marx, classes are large groups of people who differ from each other by their relation to the means of production, by their role in the social organization and labour and consequently by the mode and dimension of acquiring the share of social wealth of which they dispose. The extent of one’s power may determine the status of the person exercising power. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Though this system is similar to the concept of racism that prevails in western countries where people are discriminated on the basis of their skin color, in India, people are socially differentiated on the basis of tribe, region, class, and religion. This article maps the changing profile of pre-Mandal and post-Mandal debates on caste, class and politics in India, showing that the centrality of caste as an agent of politics and its dominant role in public-political life has remained a reality throughout. There were four original functional castes, which followed different occupations, namely – the Brahmins (the priestly class), the Kshatriyas (the fighting caste), the Vaisyas (the trading class) and the Sudras (the serfs). (b) How many times their behaviour has been influenced. Usually the entire social structure is viewed as a legitimate power system. The course text defines a caste system as a “fixed arrangement of strata from the most to the least privileged, with a person’s position determined unalterably at birth. The caste, the class and the colour-bar are among the systems of social stratification. Socio-Cultural Oppression To Dalit. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. In his study of the Senapur village, Willium L. Rowe observed that the small group of landlords, the ‘Kshatriya’, who were once politically and economically powerful, have lost their connection with the tenants. It will address the terms class and caste systems, white blue and pink-collared jobs, the working and chronically poor, the truly disadvantaged, the culture of poverty, necessities, surplus, and absolute and relative poverty. It places one in the hierarchical society and depending on his level he is treated. Twelve million people were chronically poor in this country in 1992 and 1993. Content Filtrations 6. Caste is also an important feature that gives rise to migration. They are free from manual labour and their life style is completely marked off from the rest. Greek philosopher, Plato conceived of three great classes on the basis of natural faculties. To write an effective essay on Social Class, you need to examine the question, understand its focus and needs, obtain information and evidence through research, then build a clear and organized answer. The lower castes who had social ties with the Kshatriya, now pursue their ends independently, Mckim Marriot observed in Kishanghari village that there was an intense competition among the castes for capturing power due to introduction of elections to Gram Panchayats and Panchayat Adalats and elimination of landlords. Many … People say that the Lower caste people deserve and need the reservation. Dalit literature was born out of anguish of unjust social systems based on caste and class inequities and has become an expression. It will address the terms class and caste systems, white blue and pink-collared jobs, the working and chronically poor, the truly disadvantaged, the culture of poverty, necessities, surplus, and absolute and relative poverty. Relative poverty is a different condition than absolute poverty. He thus added the ‘status’ dimension to determine one’s class. Essay On Indian Caste System 5466 Words | 22 Pages. In terms of social group, caste is an occupationally specialized group which is close knit on account of the fact that social custom sanctions marriage within the same caste. If there is one thing in this chapter that all people can relate to, it is the difference between necessities and surplus. In conclusion, all of the above mentioned terms have a close relationship with one another. Those born into the lowest caste have a life of hard labor and no chance of advancement. In Andhra Pradesh it has come from the leader of the powerful rural dominant castes such as the Kammas and Reddis. Prohibited Content 3. A blue-collar job would be that of an unskilled laborer or farmers. According to the census bureau, children made up forty-eight percent of the nations chronically poor in 1992 and 1993 and the elderly accounted for eleven percent. The stratification or division of society into several ranks on the basis of super ordination and subordination, is a characteristic feature of most of the social systems. Andre Beteille’s study of Sripuram village reveals that economic and political structures are increasingly being differentiated from caste structure. Children are affected by their parents when they become neglected and don’t come through for them. There’s a lot of discrimination done based on the castes. The Brahmins in India stand at the apex of the social ladder. “Mobility in the caste system has always been an extremely slow and gradual process. Because of the introduction of democracy, land reforms and many other measures, change has been an important feature of this relationship over the last few decades. Maclver and Page define social class as “any portion of a community marked off from the rest by social status.” Where a society is composed of classes, the social structure looks like a truncated pyramid. In Tamil Nadu the Dravida Munetra Kazagam movement continued to pursue anti-Brahminism. They need it because people treat them unequally because of the discrimination occurring through the caste system. Get Help With Your Essay. A social class may be interpreted in a couple of ways. Ones position in the society is based on his association with which caste he belongs to. The lower castes not only try to oust the higher castes from power at the grass-root level but also they have started the process of polarization against the higher castes throughout India. It was not only the moral pressure of one’s own caste group that compelled one to choose one’s occupation but also the prohibition imposed by other castes whose members did not permit members of the castes except their own to take to their occupation. The caste system is a segmental division of society. In the American class system, the White collar professions are those of lawyers, doctors, and politicians.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'studyboss_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',105,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'studyboss_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',105,'0','1'])); Blue-collar workers are mechanics, farmers, or some other laborer. Lingayats and Okkaligas in Karnataka, Mahars and Mahattas in Maharashtra. We can custom-write anything as well! However, their cultural need for immediate gratification makes the money disappear almost immediately. He was pained to see the pitiable condition of this caste and fought for their rights. These associations play a decisive role in the elections to various legislative bodies and other governmental institutions. At a later stage the members of the Sudra caste, the lowest in the caste hierarchy, could become rulers. In the Glass Castle, a memoir written by Jeannette Walls she depicts what happens when her siblings and her are all let down, time after time, again with their parents. Also discussed is the relationship that these terms have with one another and some personal reflections on how the puzzle of solving these problems can come into fruitation. Due to the absence of internal differentiation among the members of the same caste on the one hand and vertical differentiation between the members on the other, the members of the same caste occupy social, economic and political positions at the same level and mark themselves off from the members of other castes in respect of their social, economic and political positions. That is, those who feel they have power…are generally both wealthy and belong to upper caste…The causes of the close association between power, class and caste are diverse and complex and they run in both directions; that is, high class and caste position not only bring power, but power brings wealth and even in the long run, high caste position.”. We need to abolish this social evil right away for a progressive India. TOS 7. Social Class essays require a range of skills including understanding, interpretation and analysis, planning, research and writing. Essay on Surat: Surat is widely referred to as the city of diamond across the world. There are regular caste councils to regulate and control the conduct of all members. (a) How many people have been influenced by the person exercising power. Report a Violation, Differences between Class and Caste Systems. Of the six billion people in the world, one and a half-billion are poor and the number is rising by twenty five million per year. Elsewhere there is little shifting individuals remains through a life -time in the class into which “they have chance to be born. The upper class people in India are looked up to and respected. The Indian Caste System is historically one of the primary criteria where individuals in India are socially separated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and dialect. Sripuram constituted an agraharam village. The distribution of power has acquired a very dynamic character over the last two decades. The relations between class and power, and the role of caste in party politics are then examined. So Here is your essay on the Caste-Class Nexus in India ! ‘Power’ is the ability to get one’s wishes carried out in-spite of opposition if any. Disclaimer 9. They recognize one another as their social counterparts and draw a line of demarcation between themselves and the members of other classes. But influence is not equivalent with power in group. The relatively poor are those that are poor only in comparison with others. CASTE SYSTEM: Every society has its caste system, which is an integral part of its social system. Caste and class have been a determining factor of a person’s status, place and position in the social hierarchy from the ancient Vedic times, to the modern era. By saying that someone has more power than someone else, we usually imply his ability to influence the behaviour of others. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By impact or otherwise caste also extends to other religious communities in India, such as the Muslims and the Christians. The second distinction between caste and class is that while the structure of Caste System is ‘closed’, it is open in case of class system. Necessities are those thing that we as humans cannot survive without. Bernard Cohn in his study of Madhopur village of Uttar Pradesh came to the conclusion that the Thakurs who constituted 24% of the village population dominated socially, economically and politically over the rest of the population. Along with the untouchables, the Sudras constitute the downtrodden section of the Hindu society. To limn the precise reach of race-based caste, Wilkerson focuses on those who defy caste-assigned class, especially wealthy … The caste system, which was said to be introduced in ancient period to regulate and discipline the society and its smooth functioning, has paved way to discrimination and degradation. The relationship between caste, class and power has to be examined in the context of change. “Absolute poverty is characterized by inadequate nutrition, inadequate shelter, and poor or non-existent healthcare, poor sanitation and polluted water supply. The lower castes with a greater numerical strength strive to wrest power from the higher castes with a smaller numerical strength through their caste organisations. Usually they live with the members of their own class. Numerical support and strategic position in the party machinery play an important part.” A new process into the village society has been introduced by Panchayati Raj and adult franchise. Members of a particular caste group are expected to take to their hereditary occupation. The members of each social class contribute many attributes of an in-group. The second essay is a short essay on Caste Based Reservation In India of 150-200 words. Both caste and class are inseparable parts of Indian social formation. Classes are elastic whereas castes are rigid. This has been possible in some villages where some numerically smaller castes still hold their traditional power along with economic ones in the face of numerical strength of the lower castes. Historically it is believed that this social system came into being in the country in around 1500 BC with … Middle and low castes and even the low castes are also found to be influential in a number of villages. In some ways the traditional relationship between caste and power has been reversed. However, in latter life his own attributes which are mostly the results of his worldly achievements determine the status and class of an individual. “The caste system with its myriad forms of super-ordination and sub-ordination, its many customs and taboos, is perhaps most responsible for confirming on India this dubious honour. By status, Weber meant social honour or social esteem and this, he said, ‘normally stands in sharp opposition to the pretentions. by Aakansha. Blue-collar jobs usually are more physically demanding than white-collar jobs and take page 2 place wherever work must be done. It further goes on to define as well as explain social stratification itself, … Caste System in India Essay 5 (300 words) Caste system has been prevalent in our country since time immemorial and continues to have a strong hold on the society and political system. In some ways the traditional relationship between caste and power has been reversed. Read More. The supposition of purity and pollution being communicated by some caste groups to the members of the higher caste places severe restrictions on the extent of feeding and social intercourse. Herein, with the romanticizing of a harmful social practice that segregates, discriminates, and oppresses lies problem. The opposition to Brahmin movement has been observed in different parts of the country. But the situation is just the reverse in other villages where the lower castes have become successful in utilizing their numerical strength, have entirely changed the traditional pattern in the power structure. Class V Caste System Essay. A person may exercise power because of his status and position which he enjoys in the social structure. Thus secondly, a class is interpreted on the basis of status. Though it had its beginning in the Hindu philosophy of four ‘Varna’s’ corresponding to four functional divisions, it has resulted in the perpetuation of several caste groups by birth among the Hindus, leaving about one third of them as out castes (called Harijans by Mahatma Gandhi). According to the handout given in class on let Mother take care of it as it is related to “Over functioning tends to feel that there is no option but to take on the responsibility and do the work required. The four Varnas: Brahmin, Kshtriya, Vaishya and Shudra not … Examining an Indian elite education institution, Ajantha Subramanian shows how upper castes use this discourse to make their caste privilege invisible. Twenty percent of the world’s population lives on a daily income of less than one U. S. dollar. The distribution of power creates a hierarchy which is different from the hierarchies of caste and class. One might argue, however, that this socially unacceptable behavior is not chosen by the truly disadvantaged but rather that it is a culture of their poverty. In a nutshell, each social class is a society within a society, though not complete and independent. Suraj Bandopadhyay and Donald Von Eschen in their study “Agricultural Failure Caste class and power in Rural West Bengal” reveal, “Power tends to be very closely associated with class and caste. ” Here in the United States we have the greatest example of a class system. Many people feel that helping the poor financially is the answer. Social scientists use class as the powerful concept of stratification for explaining social organization, social movements and power structure. “The distribution of power has acquired a very dynamic character over the last two decades. Those who fall below the poverty line and are unemployed are considered the chronically poor. A third classification of the poor is the truly disadvantaged.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'studyboss_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_5',106,'0','0'])); This class of people generally live in the inner city and continue to be page 3 jobless, deviant, crime-ridden, dependent upon welfare, and unstable in their family life. Notwithstanding the existence of such a pattern of status summation as cumulative inequalities in the traditional India, there are instances of some mobility and in-congruencies in caste position of an individual and its association with the dimensions of wealth or power. Max Weber defined power as “the probability that an actor (individual or group) has within a social relationship in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance, regardless of the basis on which this probability rests.” In the words of K. Davis, “power is the determination of the behaviour of others in accordance with one’s own ends.” According to Green “power is simply the extent of capability to control others so that they will do what they are wanted to do.” Sheriff and Sheriff are of the view that “power do-notes the relative weights of behaviour by member in a group structure.”. This persisted for centuries, economic and political structures are increasingly being differentiated from caste structure a... Influential castes in India of 150-200 words a hierarchy which is different from the hierarchies caste! Political positions and different caste groups important feature that gives rise to migration little shifting individuals through! Extent of one ’ s diamonds congruence in caste, class and the members of a harmful practice. Or otherwise caste also extends to other religious communities in India are looked up to and respected are! 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