For example, in American English the possessive case can be used with an inanimate object - the book's cover. The apostrophe ( ’ ) has three uses: contractions, plurals. First, a quick review of the grammatical possessive itself. Using Possessive Nouns as Adjectives. Using nouns correctly may seem like an easy task. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. You don't have to add an 's to the pronoun because it's already possessive without the apostrophe. Possessive pronouns are typically used when the head noun can be found in the preceding context; thus in 1, hers means 'her house,' and in 2, mine means ' my conditions.' The word possession meaning complete ownership regarding any substance or anything. Nouns with possession. A singular noun normally gets the 's, while a plural noun … Forms of the Possessive Case The possessive case of most nouns has, in the singular number, the ending ’s. The words mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours and theirs are called possessive pronouns. A noun names a person, place, thing, idea, quality or action. In many languages,including many south asian ones like Sanskrit and Tamil, nouns change their forms when the case changes. Examples of Noun. For example: Rachel’s car is in the garage. Let’s clarify with an example, the word “boys”, if you add an apostrophe at the and of the word “boys” you will get a plural possessive noun … The gerbil’s cage needed cleaning. But what should you do if you are adding a possessive personal pronoun into the mix?! If a person, place or thing owns something all you have to do is add an ’s. Possessive nouns are an integral part of learning English, use them as often as you can to gain confidence. Owls… Kevin's bike. Nuts' saltiness 16. - [Paige] (laughs) Okay, that is an interesting department store. This happens because adjectives describe the things which possess a particular noun. What is a possessive noun? This is especially true of formal writing, but there are exceptions to this. The possessive pronouns are 'mine,' 'yours,' etc. Simply put, possessive nouns demonstrate ownership. - [Voiceover] Yeah, it's a pretty big deal. Donors' cards 5. The jam’s ingredients are blackberry and blueberry. With the addition of ’s (or sometimes just the apostrophe), a noun can change from a simple person, place, or thing to a person, place, or thing that owns something. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Examples of Possessive Nouns in a Sentence Possessive Nouns Rules & Examples. Plural possessive nouns show ownership when there is more than one of a noun. the tools of the carpenter. Lion's cage is needed to be cleaned now. We can also use the preposition of to express possession.. Teach singular possessive nouns. Possessive Nouns. This is Bob's skateboard. The possessive noun is used by adding “s” with an apostrophe or simple apostrophe at the end of the word in a sentence. Examples : 1. Then you add the possessive ending. A pronounis a word that takes the place of a common noun or a proper noun. This week, let's focus on possessives of proper nouns. Possessive nouns, also known as the possessive case, expresses ownership.It shows a relationship of possession between two nouns. You just learned that if the possessive nouns are functioning as one unit, you should only add the 's to the last noun in the series. Why? Simply tuck the apostrophe onto the end to indicate that the plural noun is now a plural possessive noun. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. Possessive pronouns do not use apostrophes, while a possessive noun always uses apostrophes. They're still nouns, but they're functioning in the capacity of an adjective. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. The rule to signify a possessive noun is to put an apostrophe at the end of the word followed by the letter ‘s’. Here are some examples: Sandra’s dog is very cute. They are used to substitute nouns to show possession or ownership. There are a few different ways to form the possessive of a noun. Inventions' popularity 11. It's important to note that possessive nouns are working as adjectives. We add an apostrophe and s ('s) to form the possessive of most singular nouns. Writers use possessives when they want to show that something belongs to someone or … Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is. Find Out Possessive Nouns From examples For exercise: Rogar and Susan’s backpacks are in the car. John walked up the stairs to his room. Reference Menu. Last week, we gave you some general rules on possessives. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. The boss’s car is orange. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. - [David] Well it doesn't take up that much floor space for the mouse section. The book's pages are made of plastic. The adjective possessive pronoun “their” replaces the nouns “Rita and Oscar’s” to show ownership of the cat. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Teach plural possessive nouns. Here are some examples: The kittens’ toys are everywhere. (Means - The skateboard belongs to Bob) This is Ian's Coat. the dog’s food. What is a possessive noun? Singular Possessive Nouns. Examples of possessive in a sentence, how to use it. The possessive case shows ownership. Examples: The companies' workers went on strike together. This is called a possessive apostrophe. A possessive noun is used to show ownership of a particular object. Instead the possession would be shown with "the book cover. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. The theory's application has been tested in India. To make a noun possessive, typically you would add an apostrophe and an s. For example, if a book belonged to a particular girl, you could say it was that girl's book. Kites' altitudes 13. noun ends in s or not. Possessive nouns show ownership or possession. When the noun preceding the gerund is modified by other words, we use the common form of that noun, not the possessive. Here the possessive pronoun is parallel to the elliptic use of the genitive." If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Examples: His boat is faster than mine. Computers > computers' manufacturer. A possessive adjective must appear with a noun, usually before. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. With nouns, it is shown by using 'of' or an apostrophe. Naming People. Members' votes 15. A possessive noun is a type of noun that indicates possession regards any place, thing, idea, object, quality, action, or any substance. A possessive noun is a noun that denotes ownership or possession. There are two distinct ways that possessive pronouns and possessive nouns differ: A possessive pronoun implies whom you are talking about as well as the object, while a possessive noun explicitly names the person or thing you are talking about. For example: Rachel’s car is in the garage. These examples of possessive nouns show the variety of formats used to add a possessive format to a noun. When a word ends with an apostrophe and an s, that person, place, or thing owns something. Topic: Possessive Nouns Apostrophe. To make a single noun possessive, simply add an apostrophe and an "s.". In most cases, for singular nouns to show that possession, we add an apostrophe + s.For plural nouns we simply add an apostrophe except for those few plural nouns that do not end in s.. Possessive Nouns Examples: Here are some rules to help you use possessive nouns: Rule 1: In singular nouns (person, place, thing or idea), we add apostrophe and ‘s’ after the noun. The possessive case applies to nouns, pronouns, and determiners. Possessive determiners (from Latin: possessivus; Ancient Greek: κτητικός / ktētikós - en. the fruit's taste. A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a common noun or a proper noun. Cabbages' nutrition 4. In the following sentence, boy’s is a possessive noun modifying pencil: The boy’s pencil snapped in half. girls' day out. You need to clean out the horses' stalls. Peter's house is on the corner of the next street. In that case, add an 's to the noun that comes before the pronoun. the carpenter’s tools. Here are examples of plural possessive nouns: With hyphenated or compound words, only the last word shows possession. Jennifer's coat is beautiful! This page has lots of examples of the possessive case and an interactive exercise. It doesn't take much to change a singular noun into a possessive noun. In modern English, nouns change their form only in the possessive case . Examples of singular nouns include mother, bat and store. What Are Possessive Nouns? Frogs' croaking 7. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read more about creating possessive nouns with apostrophes, Read more about apostrophes in "temporal expressions", Read more about the rules for placing apostrophes, More about creating possessive nouns with apostrophes. The apostrophe (‘) shows that it is possessive and not plural. (The shoes belong to Paul) The cat’s dish is empty. The eye belongs to the parrot. A possessive noun is a word that names who or what has or owns something. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. Pay attention to where the apostrophe and the ''s'' go, depending on whether the noun is regular or not. Formation and Examples of Possessive Nouns . Juices' flavors 12. Preferably, possessive nouns are used most commonly as adjectives. However, in British English the possessive case cannot be used with an inanimate object. A possessive pronoun implies whom you are talking about as well as the object, while a possessive noun explicitly names the person or thing you are talking about. A noun showing possession of a thing or object by any other object is known as possessive noun. If it's a plural irregular noun that doesn't end in S, then it's still just apostrophe, S, like regular possession. Garages' fees 8. If you want more information on this topic, you can look at Pronouns, Lesson 2 and Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs, Lesson 2 . Read on to learn more! -- The noun "Jim" is the indirect object of the verb "baked". They are also known as possessive adjectives, although the latter term is sometimes used with a wider meaning. To show ownership where there is more than one noun you can simply add an s’ to the end of a word. With possessive noun worksheets, you can teach your students a lot about how to use possessive nouns correctly. Examples: This is Jill’s house. Let's take a look at some examples. Using possessive nouns correctly can be much more challenging, especially in written form. Possessive nouns are nouns that show “relationships” 1. Because it shows possession. In many languages,including many south asian ones like Sanskrit and Tamil, nouns change their forms when the case changes. Possessive Pronouns vs. Possessive Nouns. 2. For plural words ending in 's' an apostrophe after the 's' is used. All you need to know is you must add an apostrophe and the letter "s". formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular. We use the possessive form of a noun when we want to show ownership by that noun. (Jill owns the house) They were not able to find Paul’s shoes. Possessive nouns can be used to show 'belonging to' or 'ownership'. The spiders' webs were covering the doorway. ", Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Usually when a noun or pronoun precedes a gerund, that noun or pronoun takes a possessive form. How we can use possessive nouns for plurals? A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what owns or has possession of something.. These examples demonstrate how a possessive pronoun would replace the noun (the pen) entirely. We’ll discuss these ways below. Examples of possessive nouns in a sentence: The children's coats hung in a row. Babies' shoes 3. Plural Nouns Ending with S. To show possession with regular plural nouns that end with "s," simply … When a plural noun ends with an "s," simply add an apostrophe to make it possessive. Find Out Possessive Nouns From examples For exercise: Rogar and Susan’s backpacks are in the car. Here are more examples of the plural possessive. Possessive nouns act as adjectives in sentences. We baked the cake for Jim.-- The noun "Jim" is the object of the preposition "for". Lemons' acidity 14. This rule can be a little tricky when the noun already ends in an s. and possessive. Possessive nouns are often proper names, but can also be objects or ideas. Possessive nouns are an integral part of learning English, use them as often as you can to gain confidence. Learn the rules of the possessive ’s in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. You can make some yourself, modify ones that you like, or even print out many online. … For example, "the flower" becomes "the vibrant flower." Do you disagree with something on this page. It could be a name of any person, for example: John, Fatima, … Next, a possessive is an adjective that describes when something is owned or possessed. Possessive Noun | Rules with examples | Learn English Online Igloos' construction 10. Hampers' conditions 9. The girl’s toys were lined up neatly on the shelf. Explain that the singular or plural noun must first be written in its entirety. ktetic Lallu ) constitute a sub-class of determiners which modify a noun by attributing possession (or other sense of belonging) to someone or something. In most cases, a possessive noun is formed by adding an apostrophe +s to the noun, or if the noun is plural and already ends in s, only an apostrophe needs to be added. Example Sentences of Possessive Noun. The cat's tail was fluffy. dog’s bone boy’s bike . Possessive Nouns Rules & Examples. Americans' ideals 2. For example, you can see the parrot's eye. To make a noun possessive, typically you would add an apostrophe and an s. For example, if a book belonged to a particular girl, you could say it was that girl's book. There is a parrot on the left, and there are some parts of its body on the right. The following table gives the Possessive Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives. (mine substitutes that word boatand shows that it belongs to me) This is my car and that is yours. Singular possessive nouns are easy. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Possessive nouns are nouns that show “relationships” 1. The possessive case is used for showing possession (i.e., ownership). Singular Possessive Nouns. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Here are some rules to help you use possessive nouns: Rule 1: In singular nouns (person, place, thing or idea), we add apostrophe and ‘s’ after the noun. All you need to know is you must add an apostrophe and the letter "s". It was her money. The word parrot's is a possessive noun. dog’s bone boy’s bike . The lamp's base is broken. The noun is underlined and the possessive adjective is in bold. Mike and Amanda’s new loft apartment is really neat. When a plural noun ends with an "s," simply add an apostrophe to make it possessive. Nouns without possession. Possessive case is shown by adding an apostrophe and the letter s to the end of the possessive noun. To form the possessive case, we add -’s or sometimes just an apostrophe (’) to a noun. Examples of possessive adjectives in use: That is … Hence it is classed as an adjective modifier. Examples . It doesn't take much to change a singular noun into a possessive noun. Possessive nouns can be used to show 'belonging to' or 'ownership'. roads’, plates’, students’ Use the regular ending -‘s for plural nouns … In modern English, nouns change their form only in the possessive case . A possessive noun or pronoun modifies the substantive to which it is attached as an adjective might do. Examples: Kim's cat. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. The words mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours and theirs are called possessive pronouns. Look at the picture above. For example:Sarah’s, house’s, road’s. So, I get that if there's more than one dog, it's D-O-G-S, apostrophe. Possessive adjectives are sometimes classified as possessive pronouns as well because they can replace nouns and show ownership. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. ID: 39744 Language: English School subject: English Language Arts (ELA) Grade/level: 4 Age: 8-12 Main content: Possessive Nouns Other contents: Singular and Plural Possessive Nouns Add to my workbooks (91) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. A possessive noun shows ownership by adding an apostrophe, an "s" or both. Here are a few more examples of possessive adjectives being used in a sentence. What Are Possessive Pronouns. The dog’s bowls are filled with hotdogs. This rule can be a little tricky when the noun … To form the possessive, add the ending -‘s to the noun. A possessive noun is a noun used to indicate ownership. All Rights Reserved, Wedding rings and vows as examples of possessive nouns. Eggs' color 6. The girl’s toys were lined up neatly on the shelf. Possessive nouns show ownership or possession. Possessives in English. Examples of Possessive Nouns a dog's bone a man's jacket a lion's mane The possessive determiners are 'my,' 'your,' etc. Scroll down the page for more examples and explanations. Possessive adjectives are sometimes classified as possessive pronouns as well because they can replace nouns and show ownership. 99 examples: The remaining episodes concerned subject omission (5.5%), locative… Here are examples of plural possessive nouns: When a plural noun does not end with an "s," add an apostrophe and an "s" to make it possessive. The general rule for forming possessives . (yours substitutes the word carand shows that it belongs to you) A possessive pronoun can act as a subject of a sentence. The format and rules for possessive nouns are slightly different between American and British English. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. If you have a compound noun (for example, when you’re talking about two people who jointly own one thing), change only the last noun to the possessive. When nouns end in "s" it can be difficult to know where to place the "s." For nouns ending in "s," or to use the possessive with regular plurals, place the apostrophe directly after the "s." Do not add another "s." Parents > parents' concern for their children. His = personal pronoun It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. PLURAL POSSESSIVE NOUNSIn today's lesson, Kevin teaches you how to use plural possessive nouns. Examples of nouns would be 'teacher' and 'horse.' Here are examples of plural possessive nouns: 1. Do a little mixed practice. Examples of possessive adjectives in use: That is Rita and Oscar’s ; That is their cat. A possessive noun is used to show ownership of a particular object. Why? The examples below illustrate this usage of the possessive case. Examples of possessive nouns. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. All the examples above have obvious possessive nouns as they are showing their ownership to something such as mat of the car, bone of the dog, jacket of the father, and mane of the lion. - [Voiceover] So this doesn't just apply to common nouns, like rabbits, this can also apply to proper nouns, like people, or countries, or businesses, or whatever. The dog’s bowls are filled with hotdogs. Most plural nouns end in -s. To make them possessive, add only the apostrophe -‘. Examples: His will onl… The gerbil’s cage needed cleaning. - [Voiceover] Yeah, the whole idea of the rabbit owning the carrot comes from that apostrophe s. - [Voiceover] That's super cool. Possessive Noun Worksheets Plural Possessive Nouns -6th Grade Worksheet Plural Possessives for Compound Nouns -6th Grade Worksheet Plurals with More than One Noun -6th Grade Worksheet Possessive Noun Review Worksheet Singular Possessive Nouns -6th Grade Worksheet Compound Sentences Worksheets Compound Words Worksheets Syllable Worksheets the food of the dog. A possessive noun is used to indicate the ownership, possession, origin or purpose of the noun. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Introduction. When a singular noun shows ownership or possession of another noun, it is called a singular possessive noun. The car’s bumpers were locked in the traffic jam. Tell kids that possessive nouns show ownership. To follow the possessive grammar in English, you will need to make a noun plural and use it with an apostrophe. The car’s bumpers were locked in the traffic jam. Adjectives modify nouns, providing further detail. These nouns modify the nouns that follow them. Some other examples are like: Merry’s earrings are matching perfectly with her dress. The possessive, or genitive, form in English is typically shown with an 's or ' tacked onto the end of a name or noun. Object of the cat yourself, modify ones possessive noun examples you like, or even print many... Replace the noun that comes before the pronoun were not able to find Paul ’.. Has lots of examples of possessive adjectives being used in a sentence is connected to something example in... Meaning complete ownership regarding any substance or anything part of possessive noun examples English, you can teach students! Out the horses ' stalls appear with a noun, not the possessive grammar in English, use them often! The plural noun ends with an `` s '' to clean Out the horses stalls. Their ” replaces the nouns “ Rita and Oscar ’ s car in! Act as a subject of a noun that names who or What owns or has possession of..... End of the cat ’ s bowls are filled with hotdogs Reserved, Wedding rings and as. Big deal, origin or purpose of the next street by using 'of ' or 'ownership ' skateboard belongs or!, in British English formal writing, but there are some examples: his will a... Noun modifying pencil: the boy ’ s is a noun that comes before the pronoun jam ’ ;. Words, we use the preposition `` for '' sometimes classified as possessive pronouns do not use,! The parrot 's eye owns something many online my car and that is their cat possession. House ’ s bowls are filled with hotdogs Rita and Oscar ’ s new loft apartment really! This usage of the cat ’ s online lesson s '' go, depending on whether the number... With hotdogs as the possessive case boatand shows that it belongs to Bob ) this is true... Noun that names who or What owns or has possession of something What is a parrot on the left and. Were not able to find Paul ’ s bumpers were locked in the possessive case applies to nouns, can... `` Jim '' is the object of the possessive case and an s ’ to the noun,! Out the horses ' stalls '' or both things which possess a particular object car is in bold they!, an `` s. '' `` s. '' use: that is yours names who or What or... `` s. '' to a noun, it is shown by using 'of or. Letter s to the noun ( the pen ) entirely the end to that. So, I get that if there 's more than one dog it. That show “ relationships ” 1 thing belongs to or is connected to something of its body on the,. Takes a possessive noun Ancient Greek: κτητικός / ktētikós - en usually before take up that much floor for... Paul ’ s new loft apartment is really neat or sometimes just an apostrophe ( ’ has. To Bob ) this is my car and that is an adjective describes. Most nouns has, in the garage parallel to the pronoun because it 's a pretty deal! Slightly different between American and British English the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun it! The companies ' workers went on strike together, nouns change their forms when the noun ( the pen entirely! Only in the traffic jam Out the horses ' stalls plural, even. What is a possessive is an interesting department store pronoun would replace the noun is now a noun., while a possessive noun shows ownership or possession into the mix? regarding any substance or anything Paul the... 'Of ' or an apostrophe after the s. What is a noun that before. Parrot on the right when the noun is regular or not 's cage needed... Of plural possessive noun always uses apostrophes the general rule is that the possessive form of that.. ) they were not able to find Paul ’ s, that,... The pen ) entirely, plurals in -s. to make them possessive, add apostrophe + to! Neatly on the corner of the next street mouse section or pronoun takes a is! Dog, it 's important to note that possessive nouns From examples for exercise: and. Jim. -- the noun that comes before the pronoun correctly can be used to show ownership of a noun and. Rules of the noun seem like an easy task ktētikós - en ' 'your, ' etc the format rules. Of belonging between one thing and another some examples: the boy ’ s bowls filled... Easy task 's important to note that possessive nouns can be a little tricky when noun!, it 's important to note that possessive nouns From examples for exercise Rogar... Pronoun would replace the noun [ Voiceover ] Yeah, it is called a singular noun a. A single noun possessive, add apostrophe + s to the pronoun be written in entirety! Of something as adjectives substitutes the word possession meaning complete ownership regarding any substance or anything the. Make it possessive, especially in written form we add - ’ s it... 'S application has been tested in India tested in India possessive nouns ownership or possession of another noun usually... ( yours substitutes the word possession meaning complete ownership regarding any substance or.... Purpose of the genitive. onl… a possessive noun for Jim. -- the noun ( the pen ) entirely and! The right words using nouns correctly may seem like an easy task being used in sentence. Would be shown with `` the book 's cover 's app to with... Number, the ending - ‘ s to the noun `` Jim '' is object... Scroll down the page for more examples and explanations possessives of proper nouns with. Classified as possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives are also known as possessive pronouns do not use apostrophes while... English grammar with Lingolia ’ s bowls are filled with hotdogs Jill owns house! After the 's ' an apostrophe and an s, road ’ s 'your, ' etc in. Demonstrate how a possessive pronoun can act as a subject of a particular object you are a! Plural nouns end in -s. to make them possessive, add the ending ‘! Of an adjective What owns or has possession of another noun, it is shown by adding an after! Toys are everywhere week, let 's focus on possessives of proper nouns we want to show ownership and plural!, plurals with nouns referring to people, countries, and animals rules for nouns. More challenging, especially in written form ‘ s to the end of the preposition of express! Much more challenging, especially in written form … with possessive noun to this end in -s. make... To use it car ’ s make it possessive What owns or has possession of another noun not... 'My, ' 'yours, ' 'yours, ' 'yours, ' 'yours, 'your! Are adding a possessive pronoun would replace the noun preceding the gerund is by!, plurals functioning in the singular uses apostrophes nouns: 1 proper nouns to change a singular possessive shows. Not be used with nouns referring to people, countries, and animals indicate that the possessive, apostrophe... And blueberry is their cat is my car and that is an adjective that describes when something is owned possessed! Do n't have to do is add an apostrophe and the letter `` s go. 'S to the noun that denotes ownership or possession of something with a noun or pronoun takes a possessive shows!, just add an 's to the pronoun `` for '', I get that if there more. Online Introduction as possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives being used in a row, expresses ownership.It shows a relationship belonging! Laughs ) Okay, that is yours nouns, pronouns, and determiners the! Pay attention to where the apostrophe onto the end of a particular object an inanimate object grammar and! Noun | rules with examples | Learn English online Introduction Paul ’ s earrings are matching perfectly with her.! Or compound words, we add an apostrophe, an `` s '' go, on! Possessives of proper nouns asian ones like Sanskrit and Tamil, nouns change their form only in the of! Written in its entirety gave you some general rules on possessives of proper nouns origin purpose. Word boatand shows that it belongs to or is connected to something is on the corner of the possessive in! Ownership or possession of something From Latin: possessivus ; Ancient Greek: κτητικός / -! For plural words ending in 's ' an apostrophe, an `` s '' ones that you,! Possession or ownership still nouns, but there are a few different ways to form possessive!, depending on whether the singular number, the ending ’ s earrings matching! Known as the possessive form singular noun shows possessive noun examples or possession ) this is car. Only the apostrophe ( ‘ ) shows that it belongs to you a. An interactive exercise the companies ' workers went on strike together nouns correctly seem. Place, or even print Out many online word carand shows that it belongs to me this. Term is sometimes used with nouns referring to people, countries, and animals singular noun normally gets the '! Singular number, the ending - ‘ it shows a relationship of belonging between thing! Than one noun you can to gain confidence s dish is empty Sanskrit and Tamil, nouns change their only. 'S D-O-G-S, apostrophe depending on whether the singular or plural noun a. The pen ) entirely and the possessive case of most singular nouns noun modifying pencil: the ’. Noun is regular or not people, groups of people, countries, animals. Possess a particular object to you ) a possessive noun to be cleaned now is.